Feline Perialveolar Osteitis

Information below intended for veterinarians.
Some photos may be graphic.


Do you see cats with massive maxillary gingiva over the canine tooth? Does the tooth appear to be extruding?

Feline Perialveolar OsteitisThe condition is termed Feline Perialveolar Osteitis

Other terms used

This condition causes focal and systemic disease, pain, decreased grooming and eventually loss of teeth and potentially an oronasal fistuala. The presenting signs may be mistaken for neoplasia.

Feline Perialveolar OsteitisNote the deep periodontal pocket in Photograph 2 below.

Can this tooth be saved?

Absolutely, if detected before the tooth becomes significantly mobile.

What happens if the tooth is simply extracted?

Often times the upper lips infold which allow the lower canine teeth to impale them creating painful ulceration.

Feline Perialveolar Osteitis

 

 

 

 


In the Radiograph at right, note the deep infrabony pocket in the buccal bone.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is the treatment?

Feline Perialveolar Osteitis

Create a mucogingival flap and recontour the bone to remove the exuberant bone, buttressing and bony pocket.

Feline Perialveolar Osteitis

Feline Perialveolar Osteitis

Feline Perialveolar Osteitis

This treatment may allow cats to retain their canine teeth which are a significant part of their facial structure. Thus, preventing possible lip ulceration caused by the lower canine teeth when the maxillary canine teeth are extracted.

 

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